Fagan's Gate Revisited

FagansGateIn January of 2012, I contacted the folks who take care of Saint Audoen's Park in Dublin. We had a very informative exchange if information about Fagan's Gate & Fagan's Tower (see Fagan's Tower).

Fagan's Gate

Sean Redmond, the Executive Parks Superintendent has charge of Saint Audoen's Park, and did not realise that one of the gates to the park was called Fagan's Gate. He provided a picture of Fagan's Gate, which was constructed in the 1980s. It's known as Fagan's gate as Fagan's Castle/Tower was located "near [sic] this site". He attached a study of Saint Audoen's, and asked the City Archaeologist, Ruth Johnston, to send more detailed information.

Ms. Johnson also added comments from premier historian Professor Howard Clarke on the subject:
"There seem to be two Fagan sites. One is the mural tower (see tower) included in Perrot's survey, otherwise known as the Watch Tower, south of Newgate. The other is a gate in the original (inner) north wall west of St Audoens' Arch and linking Cornmarket with Cook Street. In Paddy Healy's catalogue ('Medieval Dublin', ed. Clarke, vol. 1, p. 190) it is stated to have been in Page's Court and that both passage and gate were still standing in 1788 (source not cited). But Rocque's map (1756) shows both Purcels Court and Padgets Alley as parallel lanes in that location, with a house blocking the lower (Cook Street) end in each case. I am not sure whether Paddy got this right. In any case, it would seem that the subject needs investigation. Archaeologically the whole lot is presumably buried underneath St Audoen's Park."

Quite a few of the older maps do indeed point to a 'gate' to the west of St. Audoen's (or St. Owen's) Gate in the north mural wall of Dublin. Some of the maps actually name this gate as 'Fagan's gate'.

Map from The Irish Builder 1, July 1882, p.7

The following description seems to start at St. Audoen's, then to the east to Fagan's (castle/gate/portal) and around to Newgate:

"St. Audöen's-gate was one of the portals in the ancient city wall, which extended from it north of St. Audöen's churchyard to a building called Fagan's castle (gate?) in Page's-court, where was another portal, and from thence they extended to Newgate. Pembridge, a writer from the fourteenth century, notices the existence, at that period of a tower over this gate, the erection of which some writers seem to have erroneously assigned to the year 1316."

A History of the City of Dublin, by John Thomas Gilbert and James Duffy, Duffy, 1861, p. 287.

As does this one:

"In the annals of Ireland publiſhed by Camden at the end of his Britannia, aſcribed by ſome (a) to Philip Flatiſbury, but by others, (b) more truly to Chriſtopher Pembridge, it is ſaid, 'that the church of the dominicans (c) was in the year 1316 deſtroyed by the mayor and citizens of Dublin, when they expected to be beſeiged by Edward Bruce and the ſtones converted to the building of the city walls, which were enlarged on the north part above Merchant's Quay; for that formerly the walls ran by the church of St. Owen, where (proceeds Pembrige) we ſtill fee a tower beyond the gate in the ſtreet where the taverns are.' i.e. in Wine-tavern-ſtreet. From this deſcription given by Pembridge, ſome judgment may be formed how the antient walls of the city were carried, namely, from Wine-tavern-gate along the ſouth ſide of Cook-street, till they joined Owen's-arch, which yet remains, and was a portal to the city, and from thence were continued north of Owen's church-yard to a caſtle called Fagan's-caſtle, in Page's-court, where was another portal, and from thence they extended to New-gate."
(a) Staniuſt Deſcrip. Hib. cap.7. (b) Ware de Script, cap. 10. et. 12. (c) On the Inn's-quay.

The History and Antiquities of the City of Dublin, from the Earliest Accounts Compiled from Authentick Memoirs, Offices of Record, .., by Walter Harris, Printed for Laurence Flinn; and James Williams, 1766, pp. 55–56

An aerial view of the possible location of Fagan's Gate, roughly 200 feet west of St. Audoen's gate

This old photograph shows an area that coincides with where Fagan's Gate would have been. If you look closely, the gate looks very similar to 'Fagan's Gate' which now stands in St. Audoen's Park

An old photo showing the possible location of Fagan's Gate in the North wall, to the west of Audoen's Gate.
Another more recent view of the location above, showing a possible location of Fagan's gate
A more recent view of the location above, from Google Maps' Street View
And here's a map showing the location of an 'unnamed' gate (Fagan's Gate) and Fagan's Tower as discussed below. (source: Dublin City Walls and Defences: Conservation Plan = Múrtha Agus cóir Chosanta Chathair Bhaile Átha Cliath: Plean Caomhantais, by Margaret Gowen, Wordwell Ltd. [on Behalf of Dublin City Council], 2004, p. 16.)

Fagan's Tower

Descriptions from the past give us the location of Fagan's Tower (also called 'the Watch Tower').

The Dublin Historic Towns Atlas Vol.I records it as follows:

"Fagan's Tower John Dillon Street E. Richard Fagan's Tower, round outside the city wall and square inside, 32ft high, walls 2ft thick 1585 (Circuit). Probably North Wall excavated (Coughlan, Tim, The Anglo-Norman houses of Dublin', in Duffy (ed.) Medieval Dublin 2000, 229-30)."

And from another source:

"From the towre in Mr. Sedgraves pocession to the towre in Mr. Richard Fagan [h]is pocession is 90 foote distant, and the wall agreeing in like height and thicknis as aforesaid, and no rampier within said parte of the wall, but the licke buttris without as befor. The said towre in Mr. Fagans pocession is a rounde towre withowt, and square within, and nether vawte no lofte, but a waye going upe unto the tope, being ten foote sqware upon the tope, with a garett and fyve lowps in the waye going upe, and the towre 32 foote hie and 2 foote thicke besydes the thicknis of the stayres."
"From the towre in Mr. Fagans pocession to the sowth-easte towre of the Newe gate is 120 foote distant, the wall 17 foote hies and fyve foot thicke, and no ramier within said wall, but howses joyning close to the said wall within, and the licke buttris with-owt the said wall, ad the other parte of the said wall hawe befor."

Calendar of Ancient Records of Dublin: in the Possession of the Municipal Corporation of That City, by John T. Gilbert, Vol. II, Joseph Dollard, 1891, p. 553. From Appendix II Circuit Walls of Dublin [1583]

Ms. Johnson then sent a map of the medieval walled circuit with St. Audoen's Arch (Gate) marked on it (see #28). If you look at the map, the red line of the 'surviving city wall' to the west of St. Audoen's Arch is where I believe Fagan's Gate was located... roughly about 200 feet west of St. Audoen's Arch.

Starting at #13 we see Sedgrave's Tower, and 90 feet to the northwest, along the mural wall is #14, Fagan's Tower and 120 feet to the Northwest from Fagan's tower is #15 Newgate. Around the corner on the north wall is where I believe Fagan's Gate once stood.
These are the remains of the city wall in Lamb's Alley. This is where Fagan's Tower once stood.
This Map from Wikipedia shows Fagan's Castle (gate) to the west of St. Audoen's Arch (gate); and the Watch Tower (Fagan's Tower) to the south of NewGate. The image is said to be c1400 (source: “List of Dublin Gates.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 29 Nov. 2016, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Dublin_Gates.).

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I'd like to give my thanks to all who responded from Dublin and beyond. It appears that in the 1980s a NEW Fagan's gate was put 'near' the place near the spot where Fagan's Castle once stood. (In actuality it was probably near a footpath to Fagan's Tower south of Newgate). This is an ongoing bit of research so please check back!